How to Get American Green Card for Scientific Scholars Around the World

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What is Green Card

“Green card” is the word used to describe the size of a wallet-sized identity card that proves that the person is legally permanent residency within the United States. The official title used for the green card used by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is an I-551 or Permanent Resident Card (PRC).

The story of Green Card

USA has always been an open country by excellence. Through the 19th and the early 20th century, immigration into America was not regulated. United States was still unregulated as America could be a welcoming place for immigrants all over around the globe in unlimitable amounts.

Following during the American Civil War, the U.S. Supreme Court introduced the first changes. Then in 1933, it was the “U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service” (INS for short) was founded in 1933.

The basis for the current Green Card was laid during World War II: In 1940 the US Congress approved the Alien Registration Act, which created the first set of regulations for people who want to move into America. United States.

One of the first steps was to check all immigrants who came into in the United States and issue them an ID card. The card was known as “Alien Card” or “Alien Registration Receipt Card” and was in fact bright green. That’s how the term “Green Card” came about.

In 2003, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was changed to “U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.” USCIS continues to issue Green Cards in the present.

The Green Card was produced in different colors for a couple of years (first yellow first, then pink, finally purple-blue) then the US administration decided the year 2010 to return to a green color.

How to Get American Green Card for Scientific Scholars Around the World

Five categories to get Green Card 

EB-1AExtraordinary Ability
EB-1BOutstanding Professors and Researchers, Managers and Executives
EB-2Advanced Degree, Exceptional Ability
EB-3Skilled Workers, Professionals, Other Workers
EB-4Special Immigrants and Religious Workers

 So Currently the most likely to be obtained American Green Card for Scientific Scholars Around the World is from category 2, EB-1B “Outstanding Professors and Researchers, Managers and Executives”

Outstanding Professor or Researcher

“Outstanding professors or researchers” (EB-1B) is an achievement-based possibility to get green cards. This category is reserved for researchers and professors who are acknowledged internationally as being outstanding in their research field.

Qualities for Outstanding Professors or Researchers petition

To be able to qualify as an outstanding professor or researcher you must satisfy the following requirements for excellence:

  • Are employed as a tenure-track professor or have a long-term job offer;
  • You must have the minimum of three years of previous teaching or research prior experience (can be a Ph.D. as well as postdoc-related research if the research has been acknowledged as “outstanding”).

Additionally you must also satisfy the minimum requirements of two in the six alternative criteria:

  • Received significant awards or prizes for outstanding achievements;
  • Be a part of organizations that demand outstanding performance;
  • Published materials (written by other authors) regarding your study;
  • Served as judge of the work of others in your field;
  • Contributed to the original worksto this field and/or
  • Published scholarly articles or books.

Filing Procedures

This petition is filed with the Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for an Alien Worker. The petition as well as the supporting documents are submitted directly to an appropriate Service Center of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. You do not have to file anything with the Department of Labor. You can also submit your application for permanent residency in the same manner as your I-140 Petition, and also receive an authorization to work and travel.


The processing time for this kind of petition is contingent on the number of cases being handled by the Service Center that can change dramatically in the course of time. The current processing times are calculated by all Service Centers, but those are only estimations.

Advantages Over Labor Certification

A green card petition as an Outstanding Professor or Researcher does not require a labor certification applicationThis process is significantly more efficient than applying for permanent residency by the process of obtaining labor certification. It is possible to apply for your petition as well as your application to become permanent residents simultaneously (which is known as “concurrent filing.”) This way, you’ll be able to get your work authorization as well as an advance parole documents (allowing the travel abroad) quicker than you would have if you tried to obtain your green card via the process of labor certification. You may also be able to obtain travel and work authorizations for your spouse and children.

Disadvantages in Comparison to Other Alternatives

You must be exceptional and  not enough just very good for this category. Not everyone qualifies. In contrast to that of the Aliens of Extraordinary Ability category (EB-1A) . Outstanding Professors or Researchers (EB-1B) category requires an continuous job. This means that you are unable to cannot self-petition under  Outstanding Professors and Researchers category.

The advantages of having a Green Card

  • Possessing the US Green Card confers the holder a lot of rights as an US citizen. They include:
  • Unlimited residence for the US
  • Unlimited work permit for the USA
  • Easy and unlimited entry and exit with no Visa or ESTA
  • Ineligibility to Medicare advantages and assistance from the government after five years as Green Card holder. Green Card holder
  • The right to go to the US university with no any risk, and as much as 80 % less expensive than without having a Green Card
  • There is a possibility for federal student loans
  • Security in crisis: Green Card holders are typically in no way affected by travel restrictions.
  • Easy to obtain commercial and business licenses
  • Members of the family (spouse and children not married who are younger than the age of 21) have the ability to apply to receive the Green Card as well.
  • The application process to apply for US the citizenship of the United States is also possible within three or five years as an Green Card Holder.

Apply for a Green Card

For many the first step to having the ability to live or work within the USA is to apply for an visa that allows immigration (Legal Permanent Resident status). There are 3 different paths you can take towards getting a Green Card: You can get one by you winning through the Green Card Lottery, through your job or your family.

Are Green Card holders have to move to the United States?

The reason for this Green Card is for a person to permanently move their home in the USA. But, if the American dream is realized there are plenty of options to consider. The US authorities are aware of this and provide Green Card winners enough time to make the transition towards in the United States bit by bit.

Particularly in the initial years, traveling to and from US and your home country is typically not an issue. But when you are a Green Card holder, you should be aware that you cannot be allowed to be outside of the USA for longer than 12 consecutive months (or 24 months after submitting an request) at any one time – otherwise, your Green Card rights may be removed from you.

The majority of Green Card winners decide to move permanently after the period of four to five years, at the earliest.

Green Card as an ID

The numerous advantages and rights enjoyed by an Green Card holder are opposed by one requirement that is: while in America, you must carry your Green Card with you. United States, you must keep the Green Card with you at any time.

Physical Green Card proves that you are a lawful permanent resident. So, if you’re Green Card is lost, destroyed, or stolen It is essential to replace it.

You’ll be required to display the Green Card frequently in your daily American daily life, like opening the bank account, getting an American driving license or when applying for an interview.

NOTE: Under Section 264(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) you could be penalized up to $100 in the event that you are found to be without the Green Card. If you’re in need of help you could even be facing 30 days in prison.

How long is a Green Card valid?

If you’re a lawful Permanent Resident, your work permit and residence in your home country of the USA can be used for the duration of your life. However your physical Green Card as an identity document has a validity of ten years and has to be renewed every year.

The renewal procedure no later than six months prior to the expiration date of your Green Card via USCIS Form I-90.

NOTE: The validity of your physical Green Card has nothing to have to do with whether you are legally a US resident.

  • Certain circumstances could trigger the Green Card validity to expire. For instance:
  • The ability to be outside of the US for more than 364 consecutive days at a time , without previous application
  • Making the transition to a US citizen
  • Returning your Green Card to the US consulate , or USCIS Service Center (including official return forms)
  • Involvement in serious criminal offenses
  • Missing revocation deadlines (e.g. on Green Cards with conditional status for newly-wed immigrants or investors)

Becoming an US citizen by obtaining an Green Card

  • Green Card holders can be eligible to apply for US Citizenship after five years. If you’re married to one who is a US citizens, then you just need to wait for three years. The most basic conditions for naturalization to the US comprise:
  • Minimum of 30 months spent in the US in the past 5 year (or 18 months in three years if married to an US citizen)
  • The same county or state for at least 3 months prior to submitting an application
  • Respect of Constitutional rights United States Constitution (as well as no infringements or violations)
  • Ample English abilities and an understanding of American the American government, history and
  • View all documents for the US naturalization process at
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Can I buy a Green Card?

A Green Card is rather literal. Green Cards obtained through investing in US businesses are temporary Green Cards that are tied to the strengthening of the US economy and creating jobs.

Shortly before the end of the first two years, these so-called EB-5 Green Cards can be converted from conditional Permanent Resident Status to unlimited Lawful Permanent Resident Status.

Living in USA without having a green Card

Living in USA without having a Green Card is possible, but is usually dominated by the deadlines, hurdles as well as additional costs and financial problems. Even with a valid work visathat can possibly be extended there’s always the chance loss of everything.

With the Green Card, life in the United States can really be organized. If you’re looking for a permanent job, driver’s license and your own house or loans then the Green Card is the door for you.

Even in times of emergency where temporary visas are typically not renewed, and aid funds are only given directly to US residents as well as green Card holders, you’re secure being an LPR.

If you take part with the Green Card Lottery once a year, you’ve made every effort to be a winner of the Green Card.

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